Depending on their appearance, they are characterized as diffuse, linear (simple), spider (or asteroid or arboriform), spotted, and papular varicose veins. Varicose veins are actually pathological veins, the valves of which have been damaged. Their stretching is caused because the blood flows in a direction that is different to the normal, and with a bigger volume. They occur more frequently in females
The occurrence of varicose veins is due to many factors
In the lower limbs, varicose veins can result from venous insufficiency (varices, phlebitis), and there are cases that are combined with the presence of varices.
Other factors for their occurrence can be genetic predisposition, systemic use of corticosteroids, hormonal changes that are noticed during adolescence, pregnancy, menopause, or taking estrogen treatment, or even a mechanical injury. An aggravating role is played by prolonged standing or sitting, excess weight, lack of physical exercise, as well as certain training exercises or massage techniques.
For the treatment of varicose veins, three types of methods are followed: